Therapeutic life story work is an approach that enables young people who have experienced the trauma of child abuse and neglect to reflect on their past, develop compassion for themselves and move on to achieve their full potential. (Berry Street, 2019)
Therapeutic life story work can be a useful part of preparing young people for adulthood, as it helps them to develop their identity.
I hadn’t much of a clue as to where I came from and none about where I was going.
Bullock, Gooch and Little, cited in CREATE, 2016.
This innovative approach is based on the model developed by Richard Rose (Child Trauma Intervention Services, UK), which explores how to support a child in making significant changes, by developing a far deeper understanding and awareness of how their history has been negatively impacting on their present.
Quite often, children in care have not had the opportunity to hear their stories, to share memories with those close to them or to make sense of who they are. (Richard Rose 2017).
Support young people in accessing their Time in Care Report, which includes reasons for coming into care, placement history, milestones, educational and medical and other relevant information. This resource can assist the child in the development of their life story.
To access the Time in Care Information Access Service (TICIAS), phone 1800 809 078 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Within a challenging home environment, where children need to focus on protecting themselves from harm, the opportunity to develop and explore their sense of self can be limited.
Therapeutic Life Story Work must be carried out sensitively, within the support network of the child, the life story worker and the carer. Children might go to great lengths to avoid facing difficult and painful memories and emotions, not allowing themselves to process these feelings and experiences and move forward. This approach works to gently counteract this avoidance, enabling the child to process their memories and feelings and build healthy positive strategies for the future. (Richard Rose, 2017).
13-year-old Simon was removed from his parents’ care when he was six and had been living with his current foster carers since he was nine. Simon had been exposed to family violence and had experienced severe neglect. He was often his mother’s protector, explaining how he would stand in between his mother and his father during violent episodes or pull his father away from his mother. Simon had eight previous foster care placements and could name each carer and the location of these placements. This emotional connection to his placements was explored as part of the therapeutic life story work intervention.
Simon had previously been diagnosed with anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. He had a history of violent and aggressive behaviour towards his carers. At the start of the therapeutic life story work, practitioners observed that Simon had a good understanding of his emotional and behavioural functioning, and he often referred to what his carers taught him about understanding physical responses to stress.
Through therapeutic life story work, Simon now understands how his history has contributed to how he thinks about things. He is now confident and secure in the knowledge that he is loved by his carers. Most importantly, Simon knows he is worthy of receiving love, he is not responsible for protecting his mother anymore and he can live a different life to his parents.
The purpose and outcome of this intervention concludes with the child making sense of their world, the carer developing their capacity to understand the child’s life and the carer tailoring care to meet the needs of the child.
Innovative Therapeutic Life Story Work (2017), Richard Rose
Life Story Therapy with Traumatised Children: A model for practice (2012), Richard Rose
You don’t need to be a therapist to be therapeutic, or have a diploma in the process. Talking to the young person about their life experiences is an essential part of the planning process and can support the young person’s self-awareness and resilience, both of which will help them in the transition process.
Framework for Practice tools in the resources section may be helpful in planning and focusing your conversations with young people about their experiences.
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