Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures use storytelling and drawing, painting, song and dance communicate. To ensure our engagement with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities is culturally safe, consider using the following practice tools in ways that they can be easily understood by children and families.
The Immediate Story
The Immediate Story is a great tool to use when children are entering a care arrangement, to help reduce the impact of trauma and share information in a simple yet meaningful way so children understand as much as possible about what is happening to them.
The Immediate Story provides an explanation to the child about the reason for the care arrangement, about what is happening now or has just happened (for example, the child being removed from their parents’ care and going to stay with other family members or foster carers), and what is going to happen next.
This tool is also beneficial for the carer’s own children when new children are entering their family home at the start of a care arrangement, or perhaps when a sudden change of care arrangement occurs and the carer’s children experience a loss.
Consider using colour and drawings rather than words to tell the story, accompanied by verbal storytelling. Encourage family members to contribute to the drawings and storytelling as well, to increase the child’s understanding of the message and sense of safety when it is delivered by family.
The Safety House
The Safety House tool can be used to influence placement agreements and identify what the child needs from their carers to feel safe in their care arrangements. It may also be beneficial in including the child’s voice in safety plans.
This particular tool may also be helpful to complete with the carer’s own children, to help them to identify what they need to feel safe in their own home while children in care are staying with them. This would be an empowering process for the carer’s children to complete, as they will feed heard, valued, and as though they have contributed to their family’s decision-making processes.
Consider the use of colour and drawings rather than words to tell the story of what makes the child feel safe. Consider encouraging the child to draw any style of house that they like and include structures and landscaping that will help them connect to the drawing (such as a mango tree in the yard).
The Future House
The Future House tool can assist practitioners to find out what young people need to be happening in their future life for them to be safe, (in relation to the identified worries).
This tool is fantastic when future planning with a young person in care who is transitioning to adulthood and is actively thinking about their future. It is also great to use with young people who may not know what their future holds and need some help exploring this to help ease the overwhelming and anxious feelings transitioning to adulthood can bring about.
Consider the use of colour and drawings rather than words to tell the story of what the child or young person wants for their future. Consider encouraging the child or young person to draw any style of house that they like and include structures and landscaping that will help them connect to the drawing (such as a bike, yarning circle or vegetables patch).
The Three Houses
The Three Houses tool involves both drawing and words and is effective at helping children express in drawings their worries, what makes them happy and what they would like from their care arrangement. The children don’t have to use houses as a basis of this tool. They could use any symbol or drawing that will help them connect, such as a teddy bear, a fairy, a community drawing, boat, palm tree, their totem and so on.
Imagine a child having a totem of a turtle, and use the symbol of a turtle as a safe way to engage the child. You could have a worried turtle, a happy turtle and a dreaming turtle instead of a house of worries, good things and dreams.
This tool may also be beneficial in engaging with carer’s children to express their worries, what makes them happy and what they would like from their family and home life now they are children in care.
Solution-focused questioning or interviewing is an approach for workers to efficiently and effectively facilitate a change process by using questions to promote a vision for change.
Below is a list of example solution-focused questions.
Exception questions uncover instances when the problem could have occurred but did not, and help obtain a balanced picture of the family, creating a vision that change is possible.
- You are saying that at times in your childhood you moved around, how were you able to maintain your connection to kin, culture and community? What would like to see happening for your child to give you a sense that they are being nurtured to keep connected to their kin, culture and community?
- You are saying that you have lots of cultural demands and expectations on you and at times they weigh you down. When was a time that you felt you were able to achieve all the expectations on you? What were you able to do to help you achieve everything?
- Tell me about a time when you were not confident about family contact happening? When was that? How were you able to identify what needed to happen so you felt confident? What kind of difference did that make for your child?
- Do you think people from the same cultural group have had to face similar experiences? What were the things you were able to learn from their situations that you could use to improve your situation?
Miracle questions are used to help children, young people and families create goals and vision what they will be doing differently in their desired future.
If you could imagine that it is six months in the future from now and the worries that brought Child Safety into your life have been resolved. What would it look like? What steps would you have to take to get there? What would notice about yourself? What would your family and friends notice was different about you? What would you notice was different in your home?
Scaling questions help create discussion and understanding of danger and safety. It is not the number that is important, but the conversation that follows the scaling process. Scaling questions can help to discuss the ‘next steps’ to change.
- On a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 meaning you have no confidence the carer will be able to help your child to have a connection to culture while your child is in their care or 10 meaning you feel confident the carer will maintain and nurture your child’s connection to culture, where on the scale do you feel things are at currently?
- What would be need to be happening for your child to feel you move up one step on the scale?
- On a scale of 0 to 10, how much would you say you are willing to provide help to?
- What would it take for you to increase, by just one point, your willingness to solve this problem?
- What’s the most important thing you have to do to keep things at a 7 or 8?
- I notice you scaled 4 on a scale of 10, indicating you have some concerns the carer may not be able to meet the cultural needs of your child. If the carer was here now, what might you think they would scale themselves and what do you think they will need help with to ensure your child’s connection to culture is maintained and nurtured?
- If we think of your child, what do you think they might want help with to feel connected to culture and country?
Below are some example appreciative inquiry questions to assist in the conversation with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples when discussing their culture.
Remember, appreciative inquiry has four domains to help you unpack the information you are looking for: discovery, dream, design and destiny.
- Thinking about your culture, what have you been most proud of in the past?
- What do you value most about your culture?
- What is great about your culture?
- What situations tend to bring out the best in your culture?
- Let’s share your BEST memory of a cultural connection.
- What are the strengths of your culture?
- What do you value most about your culture?
- What is working well in your culture?
- What needs immediate attention in your culture going forward in order to have a happy family?
- If you could have a wish for your culture, what would it be?
- What’s possible in your culture?
- What would it be like if you had your dream come true?
- What do you want more of for your child’s cultural connection?
- What do you want more of for you within the context of your culture?
- What would your ideal cultural connection look like? Draw a picture of it.
- What would make your dream come alive?
- What would it take to create the change(s) needed in your cultural connection?
- What principles/values would you choose to guide your child’s cultural connection?
- How can you support your child in taking the necessary steps?
- What is one thing you can do to help your child feel culturally safe?
- What seed may we plant together today that could make the most difference to creating cultural connection and cultural safety?
- What challenges might come your way or your child’s way and how might we meet them?
- What is the next level of thinking we need to do?
- If your child’s cultural connection was nurtured and supported, what would we see happening, who would be a part of their safety and support network.
- How are you already living your dream cultural connection?
- What are you learning and accepting about your culture at present?
- What are you learning and accepting about you—within your culture?
- What unique contribution can you make to creating cultural connection for your child?
- What is one thing you would like to change in you to benefit your culture?
- What is the next level of thinking we need to do?
- What is happening in your life when you are living the dream?
- What has been the most important thing that you have learnt about yourself that you would want to share with your child?
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Terminology change - placement to care arrangement